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By by Janessa L. Brown.

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Extra info for A brief sketch of Urama grammer with special consideration of particles marking agency, aspect, and modality

Example text

76) [Ka maniki ro nu vihiai eve'ai da], [CCJN monkeyAG 3S friend see LOC] ka amiai va CCJN some omodo'oi ka. for DEC Whenever the monkey saw his friend, he would drop some fruit for him. (MS 9) There is also a postposition that marks adjunct postpositional phrases of location in space, shown (77). 77) Hinita nuro then eme'ei ka 3S-AG sit DEC [omei gimini ohui da]. [shark back LOC] top Then he sat on the back of the shark. (MS 17) In the clausal use da follows a verb; in the postpositional use it follows a noun phrase.

This is not a situation of conjoining of two main clauses where we would definitely expect the ro to be determined by the first verb. Since in this sentence, the first verb is in a subordinate clause (marked by ta), it might be that ro would be determined by the verb in the main clause. In that case, we would expect ro, since the main verb is definitely transitive. But even if ro is determined by the verb in the subordinate clause, we would expect ro, since the verb erehe'eai is one of the intransitives that takes ro.

TBC4) Then as he fights off the crocodile, the ro marker is not used in a series of sentences where we would expect it on transitive verbs such as snatch, kill and spear. The first of those sentences is shown here as (109). (TBC5) The agent is clear and is doing all of these actions, so there is no need to continue to mark this agent. Nu is subject of both the main verb ovahi'iti and the verb in the subordinate clause, erehe'eai. This is not a situation of conjoining of two main clauses where we would definitely expect the ro to be determined by the first verb.

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