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By Christopher Ehret

Nilo-Saharan is without doubt one of the 4 significant language households at the African continent. It extends eastwards from the Niger to Western Ethiopia and additional southwards to Northern Tanzania. whereas the prestige of Nilo-Saharan as a phylum has been mostly accredited due to the fact that Greenberg (1963), the interior category has remained debatable. the current quantity is meant as a decisive contribution in the direction of the verification of the interior courting of the Nilo-Saharan languages. utilizing commonplace sound correspondences for verifying degrees of inner dating was once started within the Nineteen Eighties, yet this paintings takes up the implications accomplished hitherto and keeps from this foundation. New resources are considered: except reconstructing consonants, vowels and tone, the examine additionally contains derivational and inflectional morphology in addition to pronouns. The e-book contains major components. the 1st half (chapter 2-8) is devoted to the reconstruction of consonants, vowels and tone, to the subclassification of Nilo-Saharan, verbal and nominal derivation, inflection and the pronominal procedure. the second one half (chapter nine) is an etymological dictionary of 1,606 roots, complemented via annotations and reflexes of the roots within the specific languages. greater than 10,000 roots are stated at once. The research of the 1st half (chapter 2-8) relies at the facts prepared in bankruptcy nine. crucial results of Ehret's paintings matters the connection of Songay within the Nilo-Saharan context. the writer argues convincingly that Songay might be considered as an crucial member of the Nilo-Saharan kin. Connections with Mande has to be obvious as borrowings from Songay into Mande. additionally, the tested general sound correspondences and the reconstructed Proto-Nilo-Saharan vocabulary enable for drawing up phonological histories of every language and distinguishing among mortgage as opposed to long term inherited phrases.

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Solvay-KongreB von Einstein vorgeschlagen. Er hatte damals die Moglichkeit erwogen, daB die Wellenmechanik nicht ein einzelnes Teilchen, sondern ein Ensemble beschreibt, entsprechend ware sie nicht als Verallgemeinerung der klassischen Mechanik, sondern der statistischen Mechanik zu betrachten: "Die Psi-Funktion beschreibt iiberhaupt nicht einen Zustand, der einem einzelnen System zukommen konnte; sie bezieht sich vielmehr auf so viele Systeme, eine ,System-Gesamtheit' im Sinne der statistischen Mechanik" [6], formulierte Einstein dies spater.

Forman, Weimar Culture, causality and quantum theory, 1918-1927, in R. ), Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 3, Univ. of Pennsylvania Press 1971, abgedruckt bei P. Forman, K. v. ), Quantenmechanik und Weimarer Republik (Facetten der Physik, Band 12), Vieweg, Wiesbaden 1983 [15) M. Born, Quantenmechanik der Stoavorgiinge, Zs. f. Phys. ) 42 (16) (17) (18) [19) [20) (21) (22) (23) [24) (25) (26) (27) (28) [29) (30) [31) (32) (33) (34) W. Heisenberg, Ober den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik, Zs.

Es besteht dann eine bestimmte Wahrscheinlichkeit, das Lichtquant entweder in dem einen, oder in dem anderen Teil des Wellenpakets zu finden. Nach hinreichend langer Zeit werden die beiden Teile beliebig weit voneinander entfernt sein. Wird nun durch ein Experiment festgestellt, daB sich das Lichtquant etwa in dem reflektierten Teil des Wellenpakets befindet, so ergibt sich damit gleichzeitig, daB die Wahrscheinlichkeit, das Lichtquant im anderen Teil zu finden, Null wird. ) auf die beliebig weit entfernte Stelle der anderen Halfte ausgeiibt und man erkennt leicht, daB sich diese Wirkung mit Oberlichtgeschwindigkeit ausbreitet.

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