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Additional resources for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms

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The constraint ALIGNL expresses a preference for leftmost stress, which is the original insight of the BAP. However, stress is not always aligned with the leftmost morpheme of a word in PIE, and this will be explained by the exact 44 ranking of ALIGNL. In the final ranking (given in (82)), ALIGNL will be shown to be crucially dominated by several faithfulness constraints, such that if none of the dominating faithfulness constraints can be satisfied, ALIGNL dictates the default position for stress: leftmost.

G. Greek ‘father’ πατήρ Æ ‘of good lineage’ ευ‡πάτωρ (Widmer 2004: 70). It is notable in the above examples that when hysterokinetic is derived from proterokinetic and when proterokinetic is derived from acrostatic, the original weak stem becomes the strong stem of the derived word. This does not apply to derivation that results in an amphikinetic accent pattern. For this reason, and because any noun can become amphikinetic through internal derivation, the amphikinetic accent class is considered to be a sort of default class.

Assign a * for every ao that has no such correspondent. (29) IO-NOFLOP(ACCENT) [NOFL(A)] (Alderete 1999) Do not shift accent; for every accent ai that is linked to a segment si, if aiℜao and ao is linked to so, then siℜso. Assign a * for every ai where this is not the case. The above faithfulness constraints interact with three different alignment constraints to yield the outputs of the weak cases. The constraint ALIGNL expresses a preference for leftmost stress, which is the original insight of the BAP.

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