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By Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

This e-book is the results of a convention held biannually on the Goodwin-Niering middle for Conservation Biology and Environmental reviews at Connecticut university. It makes use of an interdisciplinary method of specialise in very important ecological affects of acid deposition. The e-book combines learn findings and the coverage analyses of specialists from various educational disciplines with the positions complex by way of representatives of varied nongovernmental corporations.

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Rome Sextus Julius Frontinus (c. AD 30–100) oversaw water supply to imperial Rome (recorded in his book, De Aquaeductu Urbis Romae) and believed his actions also improved Rome’s air. Civil claims over smoke pollution were brought before Roman courts almost 2000 years ago (Brimblecombe 1987b). 1d. Such lung infections have been seen as the result of indoor pollution from oil lamps and cooking (Capasso 2000). 7 BC) the high chimneys required to disperse the air pollutants from silver production in Spain.

Although these were called smogs, it was some time before their true nature was understood. Various industrial sources were blamed for what was assumed to be a typical sulphur-laden smog. Arie Haagen-Smit showed, in the early 1950s, that a new type of pollution confronted Los Angeles. g. the Court Leet), but in cities where steam engines were used, more modern approaches of control were required. Enthusiasts in Manchester set up a voluntary Board of Health in the late 1700s, which raised the issue of smoke abatement (Bowler and Brimblecombe 2000).

The German mystic Hildegard von Bingen (1098–1179) thought that the dust of the atmosphere was harmful for plants. Spontaneous generation In the Middle Ages, it was generally accepted that some life forms arose spontaneously from non-living matter, which could explain the minute organisms and small animals found in rainwater. Scientists gradually began to doubt this and experiments by the Italian physician Francesco Redi (1626–97) suggested that spontaneous generation was unlikely. Agricola Georgius Agricola (1494–1555) wrote De Re Metallica and drew attention to the dangers of mining and the exposure of miners and metalworkers to diseases of air that caused damage to the lungs.

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