By John Holm
This textbook is a transparent and concise advent to the learn of ways new languages come into being. beginning with an outline of the field's uncomplicated options, it surveys the recent languages that built as a result ecu growth to the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific. lengthy misunderstood as "bad" types of ecu languages, this day such kinds as Jamaican Creole English, Haitian Creole French and New Guinea Pidgin are well-known as particular languages of their personal correct.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)
If Caribbean and other creoles did indeed grow out of nativized varieties of unstable pre-pidgin jargons, then the classical deﬁnition of a creole as ‘any language with a pidgin in its ancestry’ is technically wrong. The crucial element would seem to be a variety that has been radically reduced (a jargon or a pidgin) rather than one that has stabilized (a pidgin but not a jargon). However, our knowledge of the earlier stages of particular creoles is usually quite sketchy and based on speculation rather than direct evidence.
This discovery led to the comparative historical work on the interrelationship of the Indo-European languages which dominated European philology for so much of the following century. Moreover, Jones raised the question of the role of language contact in language change: ‘both the Gothick and the Celtick, though blended with a diﬀerent idiom, had the same origin with the Sanscrit’ (quoted by Hancock 1977:277). 4 The early nineteenth century While the Moravians continued their work in the Caribbean, other missionaries took up the study of other creole languages.
The Moravians did similar work on two varieties of creole English in Suriname: Sranan, spoken on the coast, and Saramaccan, spoken in the interior (Arends and Perl 1995). Besides their translations of the Bible from the 1770s onwards, C. L. Schumann wrote a 55-page manuscript dictionary of Saramaccan in 1778 (reproduced in Schuchardt 1914a) and a 135-page manuscript dictionary of Sranan in 1783 (reproduced in Kramp 1983). Like Oldendorp, Schumann distinguished between the creole as spoken by whites and by blacks.